Ennio Morricone was born in Rome on 10 November 1928. His long artistic career includes a wide range of composition genres, from absolute music, which he has always produced, to applied music, working as orchestrator as well as conductor in the recording field, and then as a composer for theatre, radio and cinema.
In 1946 Ennio received his trumpet diploma and in 1954 he received his diploma in Composition at the Conservatory under the guidance of Goffredo Petrassi. He wrote his first concert works at the end of the Fifties, then he worked as arranger for RAI (the Italian public radio and TV) and RCA-Italy, starting his career as film music composer in 1961 with the film “Il Federale” directed by Luciano Salce. Ennio became famous worldwide with Sergio Leone’s westerns: A Fistful Of Dollars (1964),For A Few Dollars More(1965), The Good, The Bad And The Ugly (1966), Once Upon A Time In The West (1968)and A Fistful Of Dynamite (1971). In 1965 Morricone entered the group of improvisation “Nuova Consonanza”.
Since 1960, Morricone has scored over 450 films working with many Italian and international directors (among whom Sergio Leone, Gillo Pontecorvo, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Bernardo Bertolucci, Giuliano Montaldo, Lina Wertmuller, Giuseppe Tornatore, Brian De Palma, Roman Polanski, Warren Beatty, Adrian Lyne, Oliver Stone, Margarethe Von Trotta, Henry Verneuil, Pedro Almodovar and Roland Joffè). His most famous films include (other than the Italian westerns): The Battle Of Algiers; Sacco and Vanzetti; Cinema Paradiso; The Legend Of 1900, Malena; The Untouchables, Once Upon A Time In America; The Mission and U-Turn. His absolute music production includes over 100 pieces composed since 1946 to this day. Ennio Morricone has also started an intense concert activity, conducting his film music and concert works for symphony orchestra and polyphonic choir in more than 100 concerts in Europe, Asia, USA, Central and South America.
In his long career, Ennio Morricone has received many awards other than the Golden Lion and the Honorary Oscar, among which 8 Nastri D’argento, 5 Baftas, 5 Oscar Nominations, 7 David Di Donatello, 3 Golden Globes, 1 Grammy Award and 1 European Film Award. In the 2009 the President of the French Republic, Nicolas Sarkozy, has signed a decree appointing M° Ennio Morricone to the rank of Knight in the Order of the Legion of Honor. In the recording field, Morricone has received 27 Golden Records, 7 Platinum Records, 3 Golden Plates and the “Critica discografica” award for the music of the film “Il Prato”. The soundtrack from the film The Good, The Bad and The Ugly has been included in the list of inductees for the Grammy Hall of Fame 2009.
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